“Most renowned for his choreography in the timeless film, The Wiz, Johnson was one of the first African Americans to appear in a Broadway ensemble. Having been featured and learning from some of the dance greats, including Bob Fosse and Jerome Robbins, Johnson began creating his own art in the 1950s. In addition to commissioning some of his most notable works for the Dance Theatre of Harlem and the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, he also received a Tony Award nomination for his choreography in the 1970 musical Purlie.” – Broadway Black
“In 1940 Ballet Theatre (now American Ballet Theatre) had their premiere opening season at the Center Theater (across the street from Radio City Music Hall). On the program was a Black group dancing in Agnes de Mille’s “Black Ritual.”
That was the last time Black dancers danced with Ballet Theatre until 1965 when Agnes de Mille choreographed “The Four Marys” for ABT with Carmen de Lavallade, Glory Van Scott, Judith Jamison, and Cleo Quitman and Paul Sutherland.
“Louis Johnson was one of the few African Americans to squeeze through the barricade, dancing in Jerome Robbins‘ Ballade with the New York City Ballet”
Courtesy of Smokey Stevens
THE NEW YORK TIMES
By JENNIFER DUNNING
“I Love Dance—Any Kind of Dance”
ARCHIVES | 1975 Louis Johnson: ‘I Love Dance—Any Kind of Dance’ By JENNIFER DUNNINGSEPT. 28, 1975 September 28, 1975, Page 122 The New York Times Archives “Very few Blacks have had all the experiences I’ve had. There haven’t been that many opportunities. I’ve performed and choreographed all kinds of dance, so that that’s how I can go from ‘Treemonisha to the Metropolitan Opera,” says choreographer Louis Johnson, who created the much acclaimed dances for Scott Joplin’s opera, “Treemonisha” and is about to become only the third Black choreographer at the Met. “Treemonisha” came to New York this month after enthusiastic receptions in Houston and Washington, D.C. Johnson will choreograph the dances for this season’s “Aida” and “La Gioconda” at the invitation of John Dexter, production supervisor at the Metropolitan. He is already working on the “La Gioconda” ballet. “Dance of the Hours,” which will feature City Ballet star Allegra Kent and will be danced on pointe as pure ballet. “It’s so funny,” Johnson sighs. “When I was into classical ballet all those years, I couldn’t get hired or fired. There were just no outlets for Blacks. And now, all of a sudden, here I am doing ‘Dance of the Hours.’ “ Johnson is a cheerful, 43year‐old man who talks about his work with enthusiasm and looks back without a trace of bitterness on the years of struggle that led to his current triumph. A native of Washington, D.C., Johnson was the first “ Black” at the School of American Ballet, the official school of Jennifer Dunning is a contributor to The Times and Dance Magazine. the New York City Ballet. He was not taken into the company and like many Black dancers at that time, made the rounds of Broadway musical auditions, even though he knew Blacks were rarely hired. “They were always going to write something in for you, but it never materialized.” Since most performing opportunities were closed to him, Johnson began to pour his energies into choreography in the mid-fifties. He put together a number of small companies, which were made up of members of Katherine Dunham’s ethnic company and Black and White ballet dancers, some of whom were former classmates. “I am always overwhelmed to think I was in class with people like Alicia Alonso, Nora Kaye, Jerry Robbins, Igor Youskevitch, Maria Tallchief.”
ARCHIVIST, HISTORIAN, and ARTiST
Dale Shields is a professor of theatre, director, and actor (Broadway, Off-Broadway, Off-Off-Broadway, and Regional).
The 2017 winner of The Kennedy Center/Stephen Sondheim Inspirational Teacher Award®, 2017 and 2015 Tony® award nominee for the Excellence in Theatre Education Award, and the winner of the 2017 AUDELCO/"VIV" Special Achievement Award. On the web, he is the archivist and historian of Iforcolor.org and Black Theatre/African American Voices [Facebook] (theatre, music, and art). He has taught classes and workshops at Susquehanna University, Denison University, Randolph-Macon College, Macalester College, The College of Wooster, Ohio University, Wayne State University, and the Joseph Papp Public Theatre (New York Shakespeare Festival).
B.F.A. and M.F.A. degree from Ohio University.