The Little Rock Nine

Brown v. Board of Education

 

The Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision, issued May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that segregation of America’s public schools was unconstitutional.

Their attendance at the school was a test of Brown v. Board of Education, a landmark 1954 Supreme Court ruling that declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional. On September 4, 1957, the first day of classes at Central High, Governor Orval Faubus called in the Arkansas National Guard to block the Black students’ entry into the high school. Later that month, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent in federal troops to escort the Little Rock Nine into the school.

What is the significance of the Brown v Board of Education of Topeka decision?

“On May 17, 1954, the Court declared that racial segregation in public schools violated the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, effectively overturning the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision mandating “separate but equal.” The Brown ruling directly affected legally segregated schools in twenty-one states.”

How did the Brown vs Board of Education impact society?

“The legal victory in Brown did not transform the country overnight, and much work remains. But striking down segregation in the nation’s public schools provided a major catalyst for the civil rights movement, making possible advances in desegregating housing, public accommodations, and institutions of higher education.”

 

How did the Brown v Board of Education decision influence the civil rights movement Quizlet?

“Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was the spark that got the Civil Rights movement going in the 1950s and ’60s. The Supreme Court ruled that desegregation in the public schools was not constitutional and that gave new impetus to the civil rights movement.”

 

When nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas in 1957, the event became known as the ‘Little Rock Crisis’. The students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the state governor. Small printed flyer. Black text on white paper. It reads [IF YOU WANT TO KEEP / OUR SCHOOLS SEGREGATED / VOTE / FOR REMOVAL / OF LAMB / MATSON / TUCKER / AGAINST REMOVAL / OF LASTER / McKINLEY / ROWLAND / THE MOTHER’ LEAGUE / P.O. Box 3321 / Little Rock, Arkansas]. Artist Unknown. (Photo by Heritage Art/Heritage Images via Getty Images)

UNITED STATES – CIRCA 1959: African American boy watching a group of people, some carrying American flags, march past to protest the admission of the “Little Rock Nine” to Central High School. (Photo by Buyenlarge/Getty Images)

“They were harassed by their fellow students and even threatened. One of the students, Melba Pattillo, wrote in her book, Warriors Don’t Cry, about how the attacks even involved acid and sticks of dynamite.”

Students of Central High School in Little Rock, Ark., including Hazel Bryan, shout insults at Elizabeth Eckford as she calmly walks toward a line of National Guardsmen in this Sept. 4, 1957, file photo. (Will Counts/File/Arkansas Democrat-Gazette via AP)

 

 

 

Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site in Little Rock, Arkansas

 

View of the Fourteenth Amendment as posted on the wall of Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site in Little Rock, Arkansas, June 6, 2014. The text reads ‘(No State shall) deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.’ (Photo by Paul Natkin/Getty Images)

View of exhibits at the Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site in Little Rock, Arkansas, June 6, 2014. (Photo by Paul Natkin/Getty Images)

View of exhibits at the Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site in Little Rock, Arkansas, June 6, 2014. (Photo by Paul Natkin/Getty Images)

NEW YORK, NEW YORK- AUGUST 21: A mural commemorating the “Little Rock Nine” is affixed to the side of a building as the city continues Phase 4 of re-opening following restrictions imposed to slow the spread of coronavirus on August 21, 2020, in New York City. The fourth phase allows outdoor arts and entertainment, sporting events without fans, and media production. (Photo by John Lamparski/Getty Images)

Central High School (Photo by: Jeffrey Greenberg/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)