Emmett Louis Till

Bill Duke Remembers Getting the News about Emmett Till’s Murder (Flashback)

 

In today’s flashback, Bill Duke reflected on growing up in Poughkeepsie, NY during the 1940s and 1950s. His parents moved north to escape the oppression of the Jim Crow south equipped with just a 2nd and 3rd-grade education, respectively. Bill Duke opened up about some of his early experiences dealing with racism and how some whites defied the racist logic of the time as well.  He recalled what it was like being a pre-teen when the Emmitt Till story made national headlines. Duke tried holding back his emotions while remembering Emmitt Till’s murder and said he could never forget the incident or the horrific images. He also pointed out that the White woman who accused him of whistling at her came forward years later and admitted she lied. Duke said it was a difficult time but acknowledged that Till’s open-casket funeral brought a lot of attention to the abuse and oppression Blacks were facing in the south.

 

 

 

The Murder of Emmett Till
FROM THE COLLECTIONS: CIVIL RIGHTS | THE AFRICAN AMERICAN EXPERIENCE

Film Description
In August 1955, a 14-year-old Black boy allegedly insulted a white woman in a grocery store in Money, Mississippi. Emmett Till, a teen from Chicago, didn’t understand that he had broken the unwritten laws of the Jim Crow South until three days later, when two White men dragged him from his bed in the dead of night, beat him brutally, and then shot him in the head. Although his killers were arrested and charged with murder, they were both acquitted quickly by an all-white, all-male jury. Shortly afterward, the defendants sold their story, including their tale of how they murdered Till, to a journalist. The murder and the trial horrified the nation and the world. Till’s death was a spark that helped mobilize the civil rights movement. Three months after his body was pulled from the Tallahatchie River, the Montgomery bus boycott began.

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/till/#part01 

 

 

ARTICLES 

 

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THE MURDER OF EMMETT TILL | ARTICLE

The Legacy of the Lynching of Emmett Till

Dispelling myths to learn how the Black response to racist murder transformed America

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/legacy-lynching-emmett-till/

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THE MURDER OF EMMETT TILL | ARTICLE

Mamie Till Mobley

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/emmett-biography-mamie-till-mobley/

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THE MURDER OF EMMETT TILL | ARTICLE

Killers’ Confession

Open the pages of the January 1956 Look magazine to read the killers’ confession.

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/till-killers-confession/

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THE MURDER OF EMMETT TILL | ARTICLE

The Trial of J.W. Milam and Roy Bryant

When the murder trial of Roy Bryant and his half-brother J.W. Milam opened in Sumner, Mississippi, on a steamy September morning in 1955, few realized the town would be forever linked to the brutal slaying of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old African American boy from Chicago.

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/emmett-trial-jw-milam-and-roy-bryant/

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THE MURDER OF EMMETT TILL | ARTICLE

Getting Away with Murder

Roy and Carolyn Bryant and J. W. Milam will always be linked to the 1955 murder of Emmett Till. In the minds of many, they live in history as the trio that got away with murder.

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/emmett-biography-roy-carolyn-bryant-and-jw-milam/

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https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/emmett-biography-sheriff-clarence-strider/ 

 

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/emmett-tills-open-casket-funeral-reignited-the-civil-rights-movement-180956483/

https://www.distractify.com/p/what-happened-to-carolyn-bryant

https://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Records/Image/IM67254

https://www.cbsnews.com/amp/news/emmett-till-accuser-carolyn-bryant-donham-arrest-warrant-found-1955-kidnapping/#app 

https://www.clarionledger.com/story/news/2018/09/13/what-happened-key-figures-emmett-till-case/1275626002/  

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/eleanor-race/

https://chicago.suntimes.com/2021/9/9/22661228/emmett-till-burial-burr-oak-cemetery

https://www.chicago.gov/content/dam/city/depts/zlup/Historic_Preservation/Publications/Emmett_Till_and_Mamie_Till-Mobley_House_report.pdf

https://alexusrenee.com/remembering-a-long-list-of-black-people-murdered-by-white-police-white-civilians-blacklivesmatter/ 

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/article/history-of-lynching-violent-deaths-reflect-brutal-american-legacy 

https://www.msdeltaheritage.com/blog/2017/5/10/a-special-visit-to-the-national-museum-of-african-american-history-and-culture-and-i-cried-

https://wgntv.com/news/chicago-news/plaque-unveiled-at-emmett-tills-home-as-group-works-to-repair-restore-it/

https://wgntv.com/news/house-makes-lynching-a-federal-crime-65-years-after-murder-of-emmett-till/?ipid=promo-link-block2

https://www.pressreader.com/usa/chicago-sun-times/20200827/281500753634800

https://thegrio.com/2022/07/08/emmett-till-supporters-searching-for-his-accuser/?fbclid=IwAR04IZ9-q5_aGt4QYJiZ4bRylo0wNUc38-iB6eJE9xe4t5QFJ-u_fWZgEK8 

https://www.ranker.com/list/emmett-till-civil-rights-movement/genevieve-carlton?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=historypost&pgid=642850749204637&utm_campaign=emmett-till-civil-rights-movement&fbclid=IwAR3vqvkb8O88AtQUNb8PESaG823ShtX5MuYMkPJIf9ns1-RrqxHaJllMjKU

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/27/books/review/blood-of-emmett-till-timothy-b-tyson.html

https://playbill.com/article/emmett-till-a-new-american-opera-to-premiere-at-john-jay-college

https://www.washingtonpost.com/music/2022/03/22/emmett-till-opera-protest/

https://www.npr.org/sections/deceptivecadence/2022/03/23/1088169711/a-new-opera-about-emmett-till-is-criticized-for-being-written-by-a-white-woman

https://www.indianagazette.com/opinion/blow-shed-no-tears-for-carolyn-bryant-donham/article_9fc9e847-cd6a-5499-8299-5a2f8b0bb302.html

https://www.salon.com/2022/03/12/emmett-tills-family-petitioning-for-charge/ 

https://www.bet.com/article/r43pj6/emmett-till-accuser-carolyn-bryant-donham-seen-first-time-20-years?cid=BET__FBPAGE___7350804915&linkId=175733907&fbclid=IwAR0FCou5tt_y0a_v59CkdfdQQSdzk5gFikIGqt_JZPUSZ5sBEkkNxJ4TM2c

https://en.12up.com/view/?id=rod-serling-facts-12u&src=facebook&utm_source=facebook&utm_campaign=12u_a_us_sofia_12up23_101780_rod-serling-facts_all_conv-tv40_conv_dynamic_both_18p_i-0_cost-0.5_2ndheadline&utm_medium=23850693948860146&fbclid=IwAR3do6YgQU7pjEVFangN4svDJ25XOptRP–WXiNdewNrXPZCI2GnQQx1wtc&page=52

PHOTOGRAPHY Credits

ALAMY.com

ASSOCIATED PRESS (AP)

© Bettmann/Corbis

BIOGRAPHY.COM

Chicago Defender

Corbis via Getty Images

Dave Mann/Chicago Sun-Times/Courtesy of NMAAHC

Ebony Magazine

Getty Images

Jet Magazine

New York Times -nytimes.org

PBS.org

Pinterest.com

Ed Clark; Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Shutterstock

Smithsonian Magazine

University of Memphis Digital Commons

Wikimedia Commons

 

 

 

 

Citation

Bagwell, Orlando. Interview with Myrlie Evers, conducted by Blackside, Inc. on November 27, 1985

Gado, Mark. Mississippi Madness: The Story of Emmett Till. 2013. http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/notorious_murders/famous/emmett_till/7.html

Joyce A. Ladner. the Mississippi Writers Page. April 2003. http://www.olemiss.edu/mwp/dir/ladner_joyce/index.html

Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America’s Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin Inc., 1987).

Linder, Douglas. The Emmett Till Murder Trial: A Chronology. http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/till/emmetttillchrono.html

Ladner, Joyce. Recollection of conversation with Till’s mother, in the context of a Brookings Institution panel discussion on the Civil Right Movement

Metress, Christopher. The Lynching of Emmett Till: A Documentary Narrative. Charlottesville: University of Virginia, 2002.

Till-Mobley, Mamie, and Chris Benson. Death of Innocence: The Story of the Hate Crime That Changed America. New York: Random House, 2003.

Transcript – Emmet Till trial Sept 1955. Mose Wright.

Transcript – Emmett Till trial Sept 1955. Willie Reed.

https://fsu.digital.flvc.org/islandora/object/fsu%3A603133/datastream/OBJ/view/Clarion-Ledger.pdf


[1] Metress, Christopher. Chapter 1: Discovery and Indictment, page 15

[2] Linder, Douglas. The Emmett Till Murder Trial: A Chronology

[3] Metress, Christopher. “They Stand Accused”: James L. Hicks’s Investigations in Sumner, Mississippi, September 1955

[4] Transcript-Emmett Till trial Sept 1955. Willie Reed.

[5] Ladner, Joyce. Recollection of conversation with Till’s mother, in the context of a Brookings Institution panel discussion on the Civil Right Movement

[6] Joyce A. Ladner. the Mississippi Writers Page. April 2003

[7] Gado, Mark. Mississippi Madness: The Story of Emmett Till.

[8] page 104 Metress Christopher

[9] Transcript – Emmet Till Trial Sept 1955. Mose Wright. http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/till/MoseWright.pdf

[10] Linder, Douglas. The Emmett Till Murder Trial: A Chronology

[11] Linder, Douglas. The Emmett Till Murder Trial: A Chronology

[12] Bagwell, Orlando. Interview with Myrlie Evers, conducted by Blackside, Inc. on November 27, 1985

[13] Northern Eastern University. Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crime Act.

[14] The Department Of Justice. Civil Rights Era Cold Case Investigation Continue. 2010

[15] Williams, Juan. Eyes on the Prize: America’s Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 page 37

[16] Till-Mobley and Benson. page 191-196

[17] Juan Williams, author of Eyes on the Prize and Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary

http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/till/The%20Death%20of%20Emmett%20Till%20Bob%20Dylan%20Clip.mp3.     

https://chicago.suntimes.com/2020/9/3/21420388/emmett-till-childhood-home-chicago-landmark?fbclid=IwAR2frs6lNM92iLTKNhLs2IlaqdIlV3nW_MHpR-uUaZzCGcmOF79MR_gRsSU

Abriel Thomas, a cousin of Emmett Till, holds a triptych showing childhood photos of Till in his home in Chicago Monday.  Jeff Roberson, Associated Press