Hattie McDaniel – (Actress)
Arguably the first African-American woman to sing on radio (1915, with Professor George Morrison’s Negro Orchestra, Denver, CO); first African-American to be buried in Los Angeles’ Rosedale Cemetery
The human “Mammy” character in the Tom+Jerry Cartoons was based on her. This human supporting character was best remembered for shouting “THOMAS” very loudly.
Was the first African-American to win an Academy Award. She won as Best Actress in a Supporting Role for her role of Mammy in Gone with the Wind (1939). She became the first African-American to attend the Academy Awards as a guest, not a servant.
47 years after her death, has been memorialized by a pink-and-gray granite monument at Hollywood Forever Cemetery. Her wish to be buried in Hollywood at her death in 1952 was denied amid the racism of the era. 
Sister of actor Sam McDaniel.
Sister of actress Etta McDaniel.
Her father was a slave, who was eventually freed.
She willed her Oscar to Howard University, but the Oscar was lost during the race riots at Howard during the 1960s. It has never been found.
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Gone With The Wind received many awards, and was a shoe-in for Best Picture at the 1940 Academy Awards. Decades later, producer David O. Selznick’s statue was being eyeballed by one of the most famous people of all time: Michael Jackson.
When the date of the Atlanta premiere of Gone with the Wind (1939) approached, McDaniel told director Victor Fleming she would not be able to make it, when in actuality she did not want to cause trouble due to the virulent racism that was rampant in Atlanta at the time.
Despite the fact Clark Gable played a joke on her during the filming of Gone with the Wind (1939) (he put real brandy in the decanter instead of iced tea during the Bonnie Blue birth celebration scene), McDaniel and Gable were actually good friends. Gable later threatened to boycott the premiere in Atlanta because McDaniel was not invited, but later relented when she convinced him to go.
Is an honorary member of Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Incorporated.
Lived in a middle class African American section of Los Angeles coined “Sugar Hill”.
Pictured on a USA 39¢ commemorative postage stamp in the Black Heritage series, issued 25 January 2006.
Despite her substantial salaries for her various roles, her estate was valued at less than $10,000 when her will was made public. She left her last husband, Larry Williams, only $1.
Her Academy Award was presented by Fay Bainter.
McDaniel and Louise Beavers, both of whom played the title character Beulah (1950) in the 1950s TV series, died ten years apart on October 26th.
Is one of 7 African-American actresses to receive the Academy Award. The others, in chronological order, are Whoopi Goldberg for Ghost (1990), Halle Berry for Monster’s Ball (2001), Jennifer Hudson for Dreamgirls (2006), Mo’Nique for Precious (2009), Octavia Spencer for The Help (2011) and Viola Davis for Fences (2016).
She was awarded 2 Stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Radio at 6933 Hollywood Boulevard and for Motion Pictures at 1719 Vine Street in Hollywood, California.
She had a one-time intimate affair with actress Tallulah Bankhead, according to chronicler of the Hollywood underground Kenneth Anger.
Profiled in book “Funny Ladies” by Stephen Silverman. 
Was referenced in both George Clooney and Mo’Nique’s Oscar acceptance speeches.
Although her gravestone at Rosedale Cemetery in Los Angeles and her memorial cenotaph at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery show 1895 as her year of birth, Kansas census records for her household dated March 1st, 1895 show her age as 2, confirming that the year on her funerary markers is incorrect.
When Black actors and actresses couldn’t find a decent place to stay in Los Angeles, Hattie opened her doors to them at her home.
Hattie McDaniel was a force to be reckoned with, even beating out Eleanor Roosevelt’s maid to land the part of Mammy.
Hattie’s controversial career was examined in the AMC-TV documentary “Beyond Tara, the Extraordinary Life of Hattie McDaniel” hosted by Whoopi Goldberg.
A huge vaudeville star in her day as a singer and dancer.
A popular favorite as radio’s “Beulah,” Hattie starred in only one TV episode of Beulah (1950) when it was transferred to the small screen due to her diagnosis of breast cancer. It was rumored there was another episode but, if there ever was one, it was never found. Ethel Waters took over the “Beulah” role and reportedly hated the job.
Attacked by the NAACP during her career for appearing in negative, stereotyped servile roles, Hattie strongly and proudly stated that she did the best she could. She went on to state that she worked not only for herself but thought she was working for future generations of African-Americans as well. She always hoped people would come around and understand what she had to go through in Hollywood and was extremely hurt at the way she was treated, for the roles she couldn’t get, and how the NAACP kept pushing the image of Lena Horne on her.
Was the 13th actress to receive an Academy Award; she won the Best Supporting Actress Oscar for Gone with the Wind (1939) at The 12th Academy Awards on February 29, 1940.
Biography in “Actresses of a Certain Character: Forty Familiar Hollywood Faces from the Thirties to the Fifties” by Axel Nissen.
Is one of 13 actresses who won their Best Supporting Actress Oscars in a movie that also won the Best Picture Oscar (she won for Gone with the Wind (1939)). The others are Teresa Wright for Mrs. Miniver (1942), Celeste Holm for Gentleman’s Agreement (1947), Mercedes McCambridge for All the King’s Men (1949), Donna Reed for From Here to Eternity (1953), Eva Marie Saint for On the Waterfront (1954), Rita Moreno for West Side Story (1961), Meryl Streep for Kramer vs. Kramer (1979), Juliette Binoche for The English Patient (1996), Judi Dench for Shakespeare in Love (1998), Jennifer Connelly for A Beautiful Mind (2001), Catherine Zeta-Jones for Chicago (2002) and Lupita Nyong’o for 12 Years a Slave (2013).
Appeared in four Oscar Best Picture nominees: Imitation of Life (1934), Alice Adams (1935), Libeled Lady (1936) and Gone with the Wind (1939), with Gone with the Wind winning in the category.
She has appeared in three films that have been selected for the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being “culturally, historically or aesthetically” significant: Imitation of Life (1934), Show Boat (1936) and Gone with the Wind (1939).
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Film Academy called out on Twitter after Hattie McDaniel appreciation tweet
The Academy tweeted out a tribute to McDaniel, as well as footage of her historic acceptance speech at the 12th annual ceremony
Feb 4, 2022
Twitter has some thoughts for the Film Academy. After the academy recently tweeted out a tribute to Hattie McDaniel,fans immediately called out the institution, recalling how she was forced to sit far away at a “special table” during the ceremony when she won Best Supporting Actress in 1939 for Gone with the Wind.